Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 29

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 32

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::clean() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 33

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::_cleanArray() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 463

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::_cleanArray() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 464

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::_cleanArray() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 465

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::_cleanArray() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 466

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::_cleanArray() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 467

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::_cleanArray() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 468

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 35

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 38

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 39

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 46

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 47

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 50

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 53

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 54

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 57

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 58

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getApplication() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/index.php on line 31

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Redefining already defined constructor for class JObject in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/base/object.php on line 57

Strict Standards: Non-static method JApplication::getInstance() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/factory.php on line 46

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JApplicationHelper::getClientInfo() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 132

Strict Standards: Declaration of JSite::getRouter() should be compatible with & JApplication::getRouter($name = NULL, $options = Array) in /home/wat033/public_html/includes/application.php on line 377

Strict Standards: Declaration of JSite::getPathWay() should be compatible with & JApplication::getPathway($name = NULL, $options = Array) in /home/wat033/public_html/includes/application.php on line 377

Strict Standards: Declaration of JSite::getMenu() should be compatible with & JApplication::getMenu($name = NULL, $options = Array) in /home/wat033/public_html/includes/application.php on line 377

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getConfig() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 745

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::_createConfig() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/factory.php on line 73

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/registry/registry.php on line 19

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JUtility::getHash() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 101

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getConfig() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/utilities/utility.php on line 111

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getConfig() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 394

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getSession() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 783

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::_createSession() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/factory.php on line 94

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getConfig() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/factory.php on line 501

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Declaration of JSession::set() should be compatible with JObject::set($property, $value = NULL) in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/session/session.php on line 737

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/session/session.php on line 19

Strict Standards: Non-static method JSession::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/factory.php on line 507

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JSessionStorage::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/session/session.php on line 108

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFilterInput::clean() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/session/storage.php on line 57

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getDBO() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/session/storage/database.php on line 64

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getConfig() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/factory.php on line 268

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::_createDBO() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/factory.php on line 271

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getConfig() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/factory.php on line 551

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JDatabase::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/factory.php on line 563

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JError::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/factory.php on line 565

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JTable::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/session/storage/database.php on line 69

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JPath::find() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/database/table.php on line 91

Strict Standards: Non-static method JTable::addIncludePath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/database/table.php on line 91

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getDBO() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/database/table.php on line 112

Warning: session_start(): Cannot send session cookie - headers already sent by (output started at /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/import.php:29) in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/session/session.php on line 423

Warning: session_start(): Cannot send session cache limiter - headers already sent (output started at /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/import.php:29) in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/session/session.php on line 423

Warning: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/import.php:29) in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/session/session.php on line 426

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JTable::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 786

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getDBO() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/database/table.php on line 112

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/html/parameter.php on line 21

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getUser() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/wat033/public_html/includes/application.php on line 53

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getSession() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/factory.php on line 163

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JComponentHelper::getParams() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/wat033/public_html/includes/application.php on line 60

Strict Standards: Non-static method JComponentHelper::getComponent() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/component/helper.php on line 83

Strict Standards: Non-static method JComponentHelper::_load() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/component/helper.php on line 39

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getDBO() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/component/helper.php on line 196

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRegistryFormat::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/registry/registry.php on line 373

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFilterInput::clean() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/registry/format.php on line 45

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Declaration of JRegistryFormatINI::objectToString() should be compatible with JRegistryFormat::objectToString(&$object) in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/registry/format/ini.php on line 281

Strict Standards: Non-static method JApplicationHelper::getClientInfo() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/wat033/public_html/includes/application.php on line 61

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLanguage::exists() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/wat033/public_html/includes/application.php on line 68

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFolder::exists() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/language/language.php on line 265

Strict Standards: Non-static method JPath::clean() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/filesystem/folder.php on line 392

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getConfig() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 166

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getUser() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 174

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getSession() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/wat033/public_html/libraries/joomla/factory.php on line 163

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Poland: river basin management in the Sulejów Reservoir - WATERPRAXIS: river basin management in the Baltic Sea area
 

Waterpraxis

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Start Pilot areas Poland: river basin management in the Sulejów Reservoir

Poland: river basin management in the Sulejów Reservoir

Figure 1: the Sulejów Reservoir (own elaboration)
Fig. 1: the Sulejów Reservoir (own elaboration). Please click on the graphic to zoom in.

The Sulejów Reservoir (Figure 1) was constructed in the years 1969-1973 by impounding the Pilica River with a dam at the village of Smardzewice. It is a typical lowland, low-volume artificial lake with large areas emerging when low water levels occur.

The Sulejów Reservoir is defined by the following parameters:
  • length – 17,1 km
  • maximum width – 2,1 km
  • average width – 1,5 km
  • average depth – 3,3 m
  • maximum depth – 11 m
  • shoreline length - 58 km
  • surface area - about 22 km2
  • usable capacity - 61 mln m3
  • maximum capacity – 75 mln m3
  • drainage basin area – 4 900 km2

The reservoir is located on the territories of four communities: Wolbórz, Sulejów, Tomaszów Mazowiecki and Mniszków. The whole drainage basin of the reservoir is a farm (64%) and forest (30%) area. For nearly 30 years, the main function of the reservoir was to supply the cities of Łódź and Tomaszów Mazowiecki with drinking water; however, problems with water quality (algal blooms) restrict this function nowadays. The main functions of the Sulejów Reservoir today are: retention, recreation, energy production (2,5 – 3 MW) (Figure 2) and fire protection.

Figure 2: Dam at the village of Smardzewice. (Copyright: M. Imbierowicz)
Fig. 2: Dam at the village of Smardzewice. (Copyright: M. Imbierowicz)
A sanitary system has not been developed completely around the reservoir, which facilitates sewage discharge and direct surface flows into the water body. The reservoir waters are marked by high oxygenation along with supersaturation during the bloom period. Alkalization takes place during the strong growth of phytoplankton. As a result, the nutrients are desorbed from the bottom deposits, which periodically contribute to the mass growth of algae, particularly their blue-green genus. This causes a disturbance in the ecological balance of the ecosystem. The algae may have carcinogenic and toxic effects on humans, by degrading the liver cells, damaging the nervous system or irritating the respiratory muscles.
The analysis of water quality, threats and conflicts occurring in the area of the Sulejów Reservoir, allows to construct a matrix of interactions and anthropogenic pressure influencing the water quality. The matrix shown in Figure 3 illustrates the relations between the environmental conditions of water in the Sulejów Reservoir and factors causing deterioration of its quality.

 

Figure 3: Matrix of pressures and impacts for the Sulejów Reservoir (own elaboration)
Fig. 3: Matrix of pressures and impacts for the Sulejów Reservoir (own elaboration). Please click on the graphic to zoom in.
The key ecological issues in the Sulejow reservoir region are as follow:
  • Non-point sources pollution of the Pilica and Luciąża Rivers, resulting from agricultural use of the catchment; high nutrient loads transported by the rivers.
  • Point-sources pollution severely impacting the water quality of the river:
    • unstable sewage treatment technologies at the sewage treatment plants
    • exceeded chemical and biological standards in the sewage released to the river from the treatment plants,
    • eutrophication and periodically increased bacteriology in the river
    • Toxic algal blooms in the Sulejów Reservoir
    • blue-green algae blooms restricting the use of the reservoir as a drinking water supply and recreational area.

More information: Aleksandra Ziemińska-Stolarska tel. +48426313720, email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it